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Sistim Konskap

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Konstruksi kapal
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    .,

    SISTIM KONSTRUKSI DI KAPAL

    Ada tiga sistim konstruksi di kapal, yaitu :

    - Sistim konstruksi melintang - Sistim konstruksi kombinasi (campuran) - Sistim konstruksi memanjang

    Sistim Ssitim Sistim konstruksi konstruksi konstruksi melintang kombinasi memanjang

    GELADAK (DECK)

    Profil/penegar yang -balok geladak * -pelintang geladak -pelintang geladak mendukung kekuatan -balok besar (deck transverse) melintang (strong beam)

    -kantilever

    Profil/penegar yang -penumpu geladak -pembujur geladak * -pemujur geladak * mendukung kekutan tengah/ samping -penumpu geladak -penumpu geJdak memanJang (deck girder)

    LAMBUNG (SIDE)

    Profil/penegar yang -gading (frame) * -gading (frame) * -pelintang sisi , mendukung kekuatan -gading besar -gading besar (transverse web) melintang (web frame) (transverse web)

    Profil/penegar yang -senta sisi -senta sisi -pembujur sisi * mendukung kekuatan (side stringger) -sent a sisi memanJang

    DASAR (BOTTOM)

    Profil/penegar yang -wrang (floor) * -pelintang alas -pelintang alas mendukung kekutan (bottom transverse) melintang

    Profillpenegar yang -penumpu tengah -pembujur alas * -pembujur alas * mendukung kekuatan (centre girder) (bottom longitudinal) memanJang -penumpu sampmg -penumpu tengah -penumpu tengah

    (side girder) -penumpu samping -penumpu sampmg

    caratan: * = profil/ penegar tersebut dipasang hampir tiap jarak gading / pembujur

  • r

    1

    P \ i I __ \0/ -:' .; ~ ~'.L-~ +--7~'~. 8-6l \~

    , ,...... I ' ' . T

    1)Wr!ng pelat pa~! sistim kJns~ruksi melin:ang:

    2) Wrang terbuka pada sistim konstruksi melintang.

    ]) Wrang pelat pada sistim konstruksi memanjang.

    u t r ;Jade sistim kcsntruksi ~elintang.

    fib'"/HI/~A?Vt;

  • 2

    r

    Connection of tank top to side pntin~ by means

    of marg in plate:

    1 - bllse bracket ; 2 - floor:

    J - ~usset: 4 - tank top:

    S - bll;:~ stmkc3; 5 - slot In I10ppersided ~xtreme plato of tanktaolt top to pan bll~e brack~t:

    T - margin plate top: 1 - Iide plating: ! - extreme plate 01 tank top

    i !I

    ; \

    \

  • In..,..ecoon ot mer.", plait Qnll IQnk 100 ;:a:tnq

    I

    -.. - w. t. Of" 0.1. ~O ... bl. bOltom Qi,.ao" - Iloa... - marqin pic:. ----. NOII- 'N.t.o"'O.t.IjOuOl~ :JQttom Ijr~ers -ll.oot-s - mcrqin :tale -_. Semi - niqn dourxa - ~CMtom 9ird.ers .. - -. Floors ~,.. sketeton rt cor tlro.c~ets -._ . Lonqltuainals

    Lon

  • p

    LongitUflinally framed bottom structure with vertical bars fitled at rnicJsp"" of lon~itUfiinals (tank top anri tank top longitudinals rernO\Oed): I - bracket at vertical k~~I; : - solid floor; J - bottom 1()/t~i~!)'J!nnl; 1- Intu

    mediate vertical bar; oS - .... ertlcal bar; ~ - bilge bracket

    In!"e01UI lid! A~QI.

    F I.rqe ;irdtr It", t Lon9i~udinal F l.n9"- Margin

    ba, \centrelineCOO"""') ,." I Itl:f!n!,gird.r I arocket

    Brocket ~ Continuous I,) I

    Snio t ~ ~

    I St1ip t Ibl

    Iti ftene'

    Lon91!udl~li

    \ \ interC::l1Ui lide 1"der

    Ai, Molt

    Longirudinally framed double bottom: (a) braclctr {loor; (b) solid floor

    Sectian aa I} r

    (b ) rt ,/ 2 t:::::i f ?:...;..J ) LI("I

  • 4

    Angle Int!rCO'5!al Cont lnuou' b~r \Ide cen"'! ~irder Upper frame \trut girder F lanql!

    I

    Hlf~!r, o!r

    0 I "

    I ""

    0:I O'ac~~! Flange 8ottom' frame F rat oa'

    \tlffener F la! ba'lal

    I a I 0 ~ I 0 Q I ., ., , " "0 CI! ~ I '/

    1!O:O:O:O:O 0 :0(0 1 I I I I " I I o CI " ,:0 ,,!o o!o 0 0\ 010 ~,~

    , \

    Cont inuous Int!rco,t.1i c~ntr lirder Or,in "'ol~, ,ide girder

    Tranrvtntly framtd doublt borro",: (a) bfTJclctt floor; (b) lolid floor

    section AA

    .4 CD 10(a) ill QF-lSh

    s9DO

    \ / 'T 1,0 , / z

    i

    ~

    II j 7 / I~~.~~~~~~~'-Lj~

    /1)

    SectIon 88 Section AA (In way of eng. Rm.) 1

    I I ' /

    II 81I$] tS1$1 I II r/, ;- s.15DO_ 2 --Ett -Ef7 -$ -$

    ~4S00 [ :: "sao BA

    Floors: (J - watertlght ncar; - solid naar; 1 - vertical keel; z - keel30

    section AA (In way 0' holdS) (a)

    (11) AL

    4t:i II I~I\ / ffi 'I II 111 U ILZhTI

  • INNER BOTTOM

    SIDE GIRD[R ----r MARGIN PLATE - -::.:

    J,, - LIGHTENING HOLE '7"" . ~~--~------------

    il ~~----~===--==-': ' 0: .

    ... FLOOR

    GO :~Ag g ~. \ :" I O~--lIMBER HOLE G , . ~--------------~-" .

    PLAn: FLOOR

    /'1 ,-BRACI

  • r

    "

    L 200 -/00"4

    ::. ....

    ...

    ...,!0- 8 /0 "

    ~.;.

    L 230~I /00'14 /

    I 16

    5

    2

    t 0-18 450

    . Section of ury carqo sUip: I - dec lt beam: ~ - Cram .. ; J - Cloor; I - lieel50n; j _ centre ~CCI301l;

    ;::==~=I==~~~tt--rThirdde:/(

    6 - rnar~ln plate; 7 - tan~ top; 8 - upper (I~ck plalin

  • ,

    ~ued framing system in oil tanker

    Lo~itudllla[ framing system in oil lanker PI11.

  • LONGITUDINAL BlILKHEAD "':

    SIDE GIRDER

    ..

    ,

    I '

    " 'WEB

    ..-' "" TR.ANSVERSE

    STR'UCTURE IN GJ::NTRE TANK

    'TRANSVERSE-: ,'TRANSVERSE

    .

    I I

    f:lUTTRESS BrlACKET

    TRANSVERSE SOE fRAMING

  • i-'=------I) I

    BULKHEAD

    WELDED CORRUGATED BULKHEADS~ . I,

    . I

    SECTION A-A

    _.

    ....,

    -.

    r-r-,

    ~-h[Ih

    [i/'

    r r r

    !

    ~l r

    , r r

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    /

    '\ I I I /I I I I

    ~ ~ r '

    r r r I I I ( I I ( ( ( I I I I ( I I I ( I I I I

    r r r

    j -I /-1 1

    -i::

    -r

    -,

    .-

    .-

    -.

    -,

    -.

    --=-r::

    -r

    .,& A . ~

    lJOTTO/'f

  • I*!. -

    l\lixed framing system in oil lonker

    CL

    J.u ....;:

  • Verlic.al uillene, IOBPI

    Transverse

    LJeck

    Longiludinal bulkhead

    Drain hnle

    Ttansv~se Deck cenue gi,dr'

    Longiludln~1 bulkhud

    IVtflic~1 uillener lOB PI

    Side "'ell

    Flrur~ 8.1 Oillflnku midship uction (com bin t!d framinll: OBP - offul bulb plait!

    Side shell

    Deck longiludiNh

    Tr.nsverse

    Sill.

    Fi~re 8. J Oil tanka - midship section (I. r;;/lIdinal framin~J

  • r

    /

    /

    -.

    :. STRINGER

    '.

    '.

    LONGITUQiIAL BULKHEAD

    ,

    "

    CENTRE TANK

    I I

    o ~ C

    5MALLER TANKER

    , I ~-'-"

    O ~ C

    I , /I:-'L-'"'-----,..--~. -~'-:j

    BUTTRESS 8RACK(T ... .. _.. 0

    I I

    '..'ING T.A.NK

    Gi "'OE~ T

    TIT T i

    CENTRE TANK

    LONGITUDINAL

    CROSS TIE. . . . ' , .

    . -.. -. - - .. ---- -- - - - - - - - - --

    . - .----- - - - - -.

    ; :' .

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