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Perhitungan KM. DELTA

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Motor Vessel Delta, Tanker
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STEEL PLAN

KM. LINUXER

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN Perencanaan Beban BAB AYAT 4 B 1.1 Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6 Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 : Campuran HASIL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA 0.7 BAGIAN BAB Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = Cb = Vs = Campuran 5.8 0.7 12

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PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI po = 2,1 * (Cb + 0,7) * c 0 * c L * f *Crw (kN/m 2 ) Dimana : - Cb = 0,650.6 - Untuk Kapal L < 90 m c0 = L/25 + 4,1 = - Untuk Kapal L < 90 m Crw f = = = Tabel 4.1 Range 0 < x/L < 0,2 A x/L = x = 0.10 8.1 Factor cD 1,2 - x/L 1.10 Factor cF 1,0 + 5/Cb [0,2 - x/L] 1.71 20.59 cL = = 1 (for unlimited service range) 1 (for plate panels of the outer hull) 7.36 (L/90)^0,5 0.95

AYAT

PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI Beban pada Geladak Cuaca (Weather Deck) pD = po 20.T cD diket : (10 +z - T ) H

HASIL B pd bag A = B pd bag M = B pd bag F = 13.8 15.2 8.84

Co = 7.36 cL = 0.95 zA = H + 1/3 * 1/50 B ' zA = zM = Po = 20.59 kN/m2 Sehingga pDA = po = 20,59 = = po = 20,59 20 * T 20 * 6.4 cDA 1,10 (10 +zA - T ) . H (10 + 7.48 - 6.4) 7.4 31.75 kN/m2 20 * T cDM (10 +zM - T ) H 1,0 20 * 6.4 zF = 7.29 7.30 (1/3 Camber) 7.26 zM = H + 1/3 * 1/50 B' zF = H + 1/3 * 1/50 B' (1/3 Camber) m (1/3 Camber)

B' = Lebar Setempat Kapal

Maka po = 2,1* ( 0,66 + 0,7 )* 7.66* 0,99*1*1 kN/m2

pDA = 31.75 kN/m2

0,2 < x/L < 0,7 M x/L = x = 0.50 40.7 1 1,0 + c/3 [x/L - 0,7] c = 0,15. L - 10 Lmin = 100 m diambil L = 100 m maka c = 0,15 L - 10 c= Shg cD = 5 1.17 B 2.1.1 A pada Frame : M pada Frame : F pada Frame : 14 68 109 190.12 8.1 m 40.7 m 65.2 m 1 1+ 20/Cb [x/L - 0,7]2 1.29

pDM

(10 + 7.5 - 6.4) 7.4 0,7 < x/L < 1 x/L = x F = 0.80 65.2 = pDF = po = 20,59 = 20 * T 28.84 cDF kN/m2 H

pDM = 28.84 kN/m2

(10 +zF - T )

20 * 6.4 1.17 (10 + 7.46 - 6.4) 7.4 33.77 kN/m2

pDF = 33.77 kN/m2

Beban pada Sisi Kapal *Untuk Daerah A Diambil pada frame no 7 * Rencana Lebar Plat Direncanakan Plat 1 lebar = 1800 mm Plat 2 lebar = 1800 mm Plat 3 lebar = 1800 mm Plat 4 lebar = 1300 mm

Diketahui tinggi plat Bilga = 1034 mm dari Baseline

Plat 5 ( Sheerstrake ) lebar = 1500 mm (100 mm untuk Las) z1 = z2 = z3 = 2.7 4.2 5.8 m m m z4 = (di ata sarat) 6.9 m

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT *Beban dibawah Garis air ps1F = 10 (T - z1) + po * cFF (1 + z1/T) = 10 (6.4 -2.4 ) + 23.19 * 1.27 ( 1 + 2.4/6.4) = 71.42 kN/m2 ps2F = 10 (T - z2) + po * cFF (1 + z2/T) = 10 (6.4 -3.6 ) + 23.19 * 1.27 ( 1 + 3.6/6.4) = 64.90 kN/m2 ps3F = 10 (T - z3) + po * cFF (1 + z3/T) = 10 (6.4 -4.8 ) + 23.19 * 1.27 ( 1 + 4.8/6.4) = 58.37 kN/m2 ps1F = 71.42 kN/m2 ps2F = 64.90 kN/m2 ps3F = 58.37 kN/m2 Maka ps2 = po. cFA 20 10 + z2 - T Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6 Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran HASIL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT @ Poop Deck Tinggi Poop Deck = - Plat 1 = 1500 mm Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran HASIL

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PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI

PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI 2.4 m z1 = z2 = = 18.10 * 1.75 = 47.85 = 18.10 * 1.75 = 45.98 10.55 11.15 20 10 + 10.55 - 6.4 kN/m2 20 10 + 11.15 - 6.4 kN/m2 m m

- Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) Maka ps1 = po. cFA 20 10 + z1 - T

ps1 = 47.85 kN/m2 ps2 = 45.98 kN/m2

@ Boat Deck * Beban diatas Garis air = 23.19 * 1.27 20 10 +4.8 - 6.4 kN/m2 ps4F = 58.82 kN/m2 * Beban sisi pada Bangunan Atas Maka ps2 = po. cFA @ Main Deck Tinggi Geladak = 2.4 - Plat 1 = 1800 mm - Plat 2 = 600 mm (100 mm utk las) Maka ps1 = po. cFA 20 10 + z1 - T = Maka ps2 = po. cFA 20 10 + z2 - T = 51.15 56.02 = 18.10 * 1.75 m z1 = z2 = = 23.19 * 1.67 8.4 9.6 20 10 + 8.4 - 6.4 kN/m2 20 10 + 9.6 -6.4 kN/m2 ps2 = 51.15 kN/m2 ps1 = 56.02 kN/m2 m m @ Bridge Deck Tinggi Bridge Deck = - Plat 1 = 1500 mm - Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) Maka ps1 = po. cFA 20 10 + z1 - T = Maka ps2 = po. cFA 20 10 + z2 - T = 35.03 36.10 = 17.65 * 1.75 20 10 + z2 - T = 43.17 = 18.10 * 1.75 20 10 + 12.0811 - 6.4 kN/m2 ps2 = 43.17 kN/m2 Maka ps1 = po. cFA 20 10 + z1 - T = 44.81 = 18.10 * 1.75 20 10 + 11.55 - 6.4 kN/m2 ps1 = 44.81 kN/m2 Tinggi Boat Deck = - Plat 1 = 1500 mm ps4F = po. cFF = 20 10 + z3 - T 58.82 - Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) 2.4 m z1 = z2 = 11.55 12.15 m m

2.4

m z1 = z2 = = 17.65 * 1.55 15.35 15.95 20 10 + 15.35 - 6.4 kN/m2 20 10 + 15.95 - 6.4 kN/m2 ps2 = 35.03 kN/m2 m m ps1 = 36.10 kN/m2

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT * Beban pada Boat Deck - Lebar Boat Deck = - Tinggi Boat Deck = 11.6 2.4 m m z = H + 2.4 + 2.4 z= 12 (B' = lebar setempat) Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6 Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran HASIL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran HASIL

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PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI

PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI * Beban pada Forecastle Deck -n - pDF = = 1 33.77

pD = 33.77 kN/m2

- Rencana lebar plat : - Plat 1 = 1500 mm - Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) Sehingga n = 1 - ( 9.9 - 5.1 ) 10 n= 0.52 14.67

Sehingga beban pada Forecastle Deck :pDF = 39.08 kN/m2 Beban pada Plat Alas Dalam (Inner Bottom Plate) pi = 9,81 . G/V .h (1 + av) Dimana : - h = pD = kN/m2 14.67 kN/m2 H - hdb = 5.1 - 1 = 6.166 m h - V = Volume Ruang Muat , dari Rencana Umum diketahui = 5038.074 m3 - Harga G untuk Kapal Cargo = V/Sf Sf = Stowage factor muatan = Jadi G = 1822,11 / 100 = - Sehingga G/V = 5038.074/ 5038.074 = - av = F. m , dimana F = 0,11 . Vo = 0,11 . 13

pDA = pD .n. (0.7b`/B + 0.3) = 36.72 . 0.52(0.7*11.6/15.2 +0.3) = * Beban pada Bridge Deck - Lebar Bridge Deck = - Tinggi Bridge Deck =

11.6 2.4

m m

(B' = lebar setempat)

1 5038.07 1.00

m3/ton

TEKNIK PERENCANAAN DAN KONSTRUKSI KAPAL PPNS - ITS

STEEL PLAN

KM. LINUXER

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT B 2.1.2 Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6 Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = Cb = Vs = Campuran 5.8 0.7 12 Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA HASIL BAGIAN BAB AYAT Lpp Lwl a = 80 = 84 = 0.6 Lkonst. = B = H =

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL 81.48 13.8 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran

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PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI * Beban dibawah Garis Air ps1A = 10 (T - z1) + po * cFA (1 + z1/T) = 10 (6.4 -2.7 ) + 23.19 * 1.67 ( 1 + 2.7/6.4) = 82.72 kN/m2 ps2A = 10 (T - z2) + po * cFA (1 + z2/T) = 10 (6.4 -4.2 ) + 23.19 * 1.67 ( 1 + 4.2/6.4) = 76.85 kN/m2 ps3A = 10 (T - z3) + po * cFA (1 + z3/T) = 10 (6.4 -5.8 ) + 23.19 * 1.67 ( 1 + 5.8/6.4) = 70.58 kN/m2

PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI * Beban dibawah Garis air ps1M = 10 (T - z1) + po * cFM (1 + z1/T)

ps1A= 82.72 kN/m2 ps2A = 76.85 kN/m2 ps3A = 70.58 kN/m2

= 10 (6.4 -2.7 ) + 23.19 * 1 ( 1 + 2.7/6.4) = 61.81 kN/m2 ps2M = 10 (T - z2) + po * cFM (1 + z2/T) = 10 (6.4 -4.2) + 23.19 * 1 ( 1 + 4.2/6.4) = 51.49 kN/m2 ps3M = 10 (T - z3) + po * cFM (1 + z3/T) = 10 (6.4 -5.7 ) + 23.19 * 1( 1 + 5.7/6.4) = 41.82 kN/m2

* Beban diatas Garis Air ps4A = po . cFA . 20 10 +Z4 - T = * Untuk Daerah M Diambil pada Frame no.88 Rencana lebar plat Plat 1 lebar = 1800 mm Plat 2 lebar = 1600 mm Plat 3 lebar = 1000 mm 63.59 = 23.19 * 1,67 20 10 + 6.9 - 6.4 kN/m2 ps5A = 63.59 kN/m2 * Beban diatas Garis air

ps4M = po .cFA

20 10 + z3 - T ` =

= 23.19 * 1 41.59

20 10 + 5.7 - 6.4 kN/m2

* Pada Daerah F Diambil pada Frame no. 136 Rencana lebar plat Plat 1 lebar = 1500 mm Plat 2 lebar = 1000 mm Plat 3 lebar = 1000 mm Plat 4(sheesrake) lebar z1 = z2 = z3 = 2.4 3.6 4.8 m m m = 1500 mm (100 mm untuk las )

Plat 4 (sheerstrake) lebar = 1800 mm (100 mm untuk Las) z1 = z2 = z3 = 2.6 4.2 5.7 m m m

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA BAGIAN BAB AYAT @ Navigation Deck Tinggi Nav. Deck = - Plat 1 = 1500 mm Lpp Lwl a = = = 80 84 0.6 Lkonst. = 81.48 B = 13.8 H = 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = Cb = Vs = Campuran 5.8 0.7 12 Type Kapal Tanker Nama Kapal KM. DELTA HASIL BAGIAN BAB Lpp Lwl a = 80 = 84 = 0.6 Lkonst. = B = H =

UKURAN - UKURAN UTAMA KAPAL 81.48 13.8 7.2 Sistem Konstruksi T = 5.8 Cb = 0.7 Vs = 12 Campuran

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PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI 2.4 m z1 = z2 = = 18.10 * 1.75 = Maka ps2 = po. cFA 20 10 + z2 - T = @ Beban pada Forecastle Deck Tinggi Forecastle Deck = - Plat 1 = 1500 mm - Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) Maka ps1 = po. cFF 20 31.16 32.01 = 17.65 * 1.75 20 10 + 18.45 - 6.4 kN/m2 20 17.85 18.45 m m

PERHITUNGAN DAN KOREKSI AYAT B 2.2 Beban pada Struktur depan Kapal Beban pada Struktur depan Kapal dibawah Sarat maksimum ialah : 2 pe = 0,8 [0,2 vo + 0,6 v L ] = 0,8 [0,2 . 11 + 0,6 v 89 ]2 = 48.87 kN/m2

- Plat 2 = 900 mm (100 mm utk las) Maka ps1 = po. cFA 20 10 + z1 - T

10 + 17.85 - 6.4 kN/m2

ps1 = 32.01 kN/m2 ps2 = 31.16 kN/m2

B 3.

Beban pada Dasar Kapal Beban pada Alas Kapal dirumuskan sbb : pB = 10 . T + po . cF Sehingga pBA = 10 . T + po . cFA : = 10 . 6.4 + 23.19 . 1.67 = 93.29 pBM = 10 . T + po . cFM = 10 . 4.85 + 18.10 . 1,0 = 78.59 pBF = 10 . T + po .cFF = 10 . 4.85+ 18.10 . 1.30 = 84.47 kN/m2 kN/m2

2.4 z1 = z2 = = 18.10 * 1.30

m 8.25 9.45 20 10 + 8.25 - 6.4 ps1 = 42.52 kN/m2 B 5.1 m m

kN/m2

10 + z1 - T = Maka ps2 = po. cFF 2