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PENGKAJIAN RESEP PADA FASE PRESCRIBING RESEP PEDIATRI JUDUL PENGKAJIAN RESEP PADA FASE PRESCRIBING...

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  • PENGKAJIAN RESEP PADA FASE PRESCRIBING RESEP

    PEDIATRI DI APOTEK MANDIRI KOTA SURAKARTA

    TAHUN 2017

    SKRIPSI

    Oleh :

    VALENCIA KUSUMA

    K 100140041

    FAKULTAS FARMASI

    UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA

    SURAKARTA

    2018

  • ii

    JUDUL

    PENGKAJIAN RESEP PADA FASE PRESCRIBING RESEP

    PEDIATRI DI APOTEK MANDIRI KOTA SURAKARTA

    TAHUN 2017

    SKRIPSI

    Diajukan untuk memenuhi salah satu syarat mencapai

    derajat Sarjana Farmasi (S. Farm) pada Fakultas Farmasi

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Surkarta

    di Surakarta

    Oleh :

    VALENCIA KUSUMA

    K 100140041

    FAKULTAS FARMASI

    UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA

    SURAKARTA

    2018

  • iii

  • iv

    Surakarta, 5 April 2018

  • v

    KATA PENGANTAR

    Assalamualaikum warrohmatullahii wabarokaatuh,

    Segala puji syukur ke hadirat Allah SWT yang senantiasa memberi

    petunjuk sehingga penulis dapat menuntaskan skripsi dengan judul,

    “PENGKAJIAN RESEP PADA FASE PRESCRIBING RESEP PEDIATRI DI

    APOTEK MANDIRI KOTA SURAKARTA TAHUN 2017”, sebagai syarat guna

    mendapatkan gelar sarjana farmasi pada program studi farmasi Fakultas Famasi di

    Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta. Oleh karena itu, penulis ingin

    menyampaikan rasa terima kasih kepada :

    1. Bapak Azis Saifudin, Ph.D., Apt selaku dekan Fakultas Farmasi UMS.

    2. Ibu Ambar Yunita Anggraeni, M.Sc., Apt. selaku dosen pembimbing.

    3. Bapak Erwan Januardi dan Ibu Tjatur Kusuma Wardhani selaku orang tua.

    4. Adik-adik tercinta dan nenek kakek di rumah.

    5. Teman dan sahabat yang memberi dukungan dalam penyusunan skripsi

    ini.

    Wassalamualaikum warrahmatullahi wabarokaatuh.

  • vi

    DAFTAR ISI

    JUDUL .................................................................................................................... ii

    PENGESAHAN SKRIPSI ..................................................................................... iii

    DEKLARASI ......................................................................................................... iv

    KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................................. v

    DAFTAR ISI .......................................................................................................... vi

    DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................ viii

    DAFTAR LAMPIRAN .......................................................................................... ix

    DAFTAR SINGKATAN ......................................................................................... x

    ABSTRAK ............................................................................................................. xi

    ABSTRACT ............................................................................................................ xii

    BAB I ....................................................................................................................... 1

    PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................................... 1

    A. Latar Belakang Masalah ...................................................................................... 1

    B. Rumusan Masalah ............................................................................................... 2

    C. Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................................. 2

    D. Tinjauan Pustaka ................................................................................................. 2

    1. Pengkajian resep ............................................................................................. 2

    2. Faktor penyebab kesalahan pengobatan (medication error) .......................... 3

    3. Medication error pada pediatri ....................................................................... 4

    4. Resep .............................................................................................................. 4

    5. Standar minimal kejadian ME ........................................................................ 5

    E. Landasan Teori .................................................................................................... 6

    F. Keterangan Empiris ............................................................................................. 6

    BAB II ...................................................................................................................... 7

    METODE PENELITIAN ......................................................................................... 7

    A. Kategori Penelitian .............................................................................................. 7

    B. Definisi Operasional Penelitian ........................................................................... 7

    C. Alat dan Bahan .................................................................................................... 8

    1. Alat ................................................................................................................. 8

    2. Bahan .............................................................................................................. 9

  • vii

    D. Populasi dan Sampel ............................................................................................ 9

    1. Populasi .......................................................................................................... 9

    2. Sampel ............................................................................................................ 9

    E. Teknik Sampling ................................................................................................. 9

    F. Tempat Penelitian ................................................................................................ 9

    G. Analisis Data ..................................................................................................... 10

    H. Jalannya Penelitian ............................................................................................ 10

    1. Perizinan Penelitian ...................................................................................... 10

    2. Observasi ...................................................................................................... 10

    3. Pengolahan Data ........................................................................................... 10

    BAB III .................................................................................................................. 12

    HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN .............................................................................. 12

    A. Karakteristik Resep ........................................................................................... 12

    1. Distribusi resep racikan dan resep non racikan ............................................ 12

    2. Distribusi pasien berdasarkan umur ............................................................. 13

    3. Distribusi jenis obat pada resep di tiga apotek mandiri Kota Surakarta tahun

    2017 .............................................................................................................. 13

    B. Identifikasi Ketidaksesuaian Resep Pada Fase Prescribing .............................. 16

    1. Kajian Administratif ..................................................................................... 16

    2. Kajian Farmasetis ......................................................................................... 18

    3. Kajian Klinis ................................................................................................. 21

    4. Tingkat kejadian ketidaksesuaian resep ....................................................... 28

    5. Keterbatasan penelitian ................................................................................ 28

    BAB IV .................................................................................................................. 29

    KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN .............................................................................. 29

    A. Kesimpulan ........................................................................................................ 29

    B. Saran .................................................................................................................. 29

    DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................................ 30

  • viii

    DAFTAR TABEL

    Tabel 1. Jumlah resep racikan dan non racikan di tiga apotek mandiri Kota

    Surakarta tahun 2017............................................................................................. 12

    Tabel 2. Jumlah pasien berdasarkan umur di tiga apotek mandiri Kota Surakarta

    tahun 2017 ............................................................................................................. 13

    Tabel 3. Jumlah jenis obat pada resep di tiga apotek mandiri Kota Surakarta tahun

    2017 .............................................................................

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