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Castele de Nisip Daniel David

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Stiinta si pseudostiinta in psihopatologie
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COJ?ERTA/OEORGeMAlUR TEHNOREDACTARE/NICOLAETURCAN REDACfOR/MlHAl GOTLU CASTLES.OFSAND Sdenceandin_ COPYRIGHTTR.ITONLC .'CLUJ/+40.164.431.655 B.,_40.21.242,.54.09 e:nnll: edilura@tritonic.m ww.w. tritonic.ro __"VlrwwDeJcrleten CJI' RP 1toan6nlel DAYU>,DANI:EL..... '< "FIIstelede 11lsfp ..:in p5Umpatologie I Daniel David;'::. : Trilonic, 2003 ISUN ' Daniel-David .. CASTELE'-DE i11psihopatologie I :r I I . . .. !i . ., / Mndu: .JI devi110!" (Ooelhe: .Se/Jge SellltrlldJI) :, acdorcolctipro:fusioni:;fi Jlenrm care eme4!= a 1e mira critiCactiv fn(i de spectncolul ck. a k: lmcuri\din Ia aeast specfilcol, au supra vio[uit inca tncerclirii-lnle continuea lc snbotn . . Dedication: I dndioatc tbis book to those nnd alslbr wllflll\ scienl:e opportunity lh crilically nnd' activ11ly wonder -inthe facbof wm:ldBpeclnclcand tofblly enjBy your own contributions. to Ibis specrnclc. contributitfna that have still resiliently Sfr-vived your peNisteni:.attempt to aqbotnge them. .Mnlfutuiref Aparitia,acesteiJfJcilri dt!oameni cArora tin sate null!Umesclrimod deo!ebit;ParaMizlindll fd calebrli, Guy tie Ja r,:lifo1mtof Medicine, SUA, an-btl tr02.itdin 'SOmnul tJO!filatic Qim-au lnvl\1111ceeuce inse6mnil flUnlll, certeflu'ea.vi pmi;lica-vtiiqfificli;'lltUnCi dud CfeM'lm t1l RCtSI i1iem fi ell nu mlmlli .. d.: la Alben Hills llrstfrure. SUA. a faar onruJ,Citfcn141 iospinn fn1UOOdineft refleJtivd QSUpl"n Bllll I:CCDpierd niciodrtlif iucre-derea fi sA tontinuu sl tollStfUiesc Criticlltdnci dnd muldl tumc f:Stc tll\pl)-lfiw meaa me:" AR.Ptl'UN.Bca lucrurllesli stea nll16\, dnr niciunde nu si:ri.e, t1 lncmrile N\J.'Iltl!llUIJ!sl\ sleanva prosb::um stnu,.deei:c:4}nlinull sllconstruitfti $i tin,c insutl" ..ar ile h1 SUNY ar Binghamton. SUA i laving Kirsch. de--Jn.Conneaticul Utlivo:rsity, SUA. an filM Jlfieti;nfcrlliiA fi constru.clivli domeniului tlinic, CIU'C ln.:.au infliienJ&tinceelfce lim &ut oict MtdlttnlCSI: lroftlorcolagi ti prititeni care au citit rextul fi care m-au njutat Siiilitt aoaastl thrmii . SuPl prea multi ca sAienmnlb' a.ici; ftlentinnn door oote.tlii tie In Catedm de Psibologie a UniveuiMtfi DabCfi:..:aiityai din .Cluj . cnre anm.ticlind nllfptmntolluciarea inile atfttfrii lltl sugisfii (ll!omonrariiulile. j\tola unde este enzul ii vni in mod,capitol pe tlcei i, s ... colegi prhder1i,careaurecenZHf mnlcfiu.lulconlributia lafonualui actualii. Nu in ultimul rfiud, InProgrrunuldeiu "CoJISilh;rel'sihologiclirsihotempie, deIa Uuhernilallea Cluj-NapuCII, penlnlsuge:tliile referjlohre In :;lruclurii Btestui votum lli[aiitabunnU'itirenOSlJeclulu.i slilislic. Pruadoxal, trebuie sa mul\utuesc lit ocelot "ptofesionil}ti" ca.remi-nu dat. oportu11ilnten all itlli exersezsimtul criticbannle lli lruimnele pe cure le-ou )Jtudus lli pe cure le-ou ridicat In nivelul uuor opere vid1scur.mri Ac:lmuwlc:tlgenumbi: The writing Qflbis hook was olirnulnled by peo-tJie whom lespecially want to lllB!Jk. u fnmous-saying, Guy Montgomery and PnnaBovbjerg, from Mount Siuni School of Medicine_ USA,nwakened me from the dogmatic sleep mtllnughlme \vhatscicnee, research ond Jlnlclice meuut iliu time Uhougllt lknew lhi! all lou well and uothing culllld 1mrprise me. Albert EUis, from Albertfillislnslilute. USA, wns the mntrwlm. ins[liretl me lo-ba nnd re0e1'ive witU everjUting l did nm.Fwhotaughlrne never to .lose fttithiumyself andto wnlinue to .m1ild crilir.nllywhen mnuy were agni.ttl!t me e.nd my work. Stuen Lynn, from SUNY nt Bingbnmlou,USA,atKIIrviugKihJcll, from Cotmci:licul Universi-ty, USA, had a major impac& on my work, being friemla nmlntodels ofcrilical ttud conslntctive ollltude in the clinicul dorunh1, but notlcastlwoullo ..' tlmukmy colleagues Jrom BnbesBolyal University nnd lhe students en-rolled inthe Master's Pltlgr.am in "Psycltolaglcal Counseling and Psyclm- Jmm Babe:t-Bo.Yni University, Ch[j..:Napocu forlheirsuggeslions ..conce!'niug the slruclureoflhis vo'lume and Ibe i111proven1e1il o[lhe 11lylistic nstJecl. Pnmdox ically; ll\tusfulso llmnk tlrose "prores&itrnfils" who gave me. the opport\lnity to exercise my critical s!lllse 011lheso}lbiarus, trite reatmrb und tmismsthey had pruduued uud raised lollmlevel ofscir!nlificdisoours-cs nnd self-declared works ofort. Prcz;euf:tt"l!IHutforului; Daniel Oavid esle leulllr univ. dr.ln Coledra de .Psihologie n Universiliijii Bnbev-Dolyaidhi Cluj-NnpOQl. A oblinut !icen!o in psihologie-{in 1996) Ia Uuiversilnlea ductomtul in psihulogie {1999)Ia Universil!'le.A studii .postilniYernilnre (l999-2002} iu psihologieclinica Qipsiltopalologie Ia Moun I Sinai School of Medicine, New York, SUA, JlafCUIS un progmm de fuonnre (1998-2001) in psih(llern}Jia t\lglliliviicomporlnmrnlnla Ia Albert l!llis luslituteAca-demy of Cognitive 'll1empy, SUA. Esle Rumiiuede Hipnn7.iisi P::iho1ern11ie Cngnitiv-Comporlnrnentnli'i.IJircdQr ol Centmlui Rmn5n de Psiholempie Cognilivli lli Rt!lionai;.Emotivil \{iComportamenlnlli. Hditoral revistei"Romsninn Joumnl of Cognitive and HehuYiorat f'.syho-lberapies''. Automleste memb1_11 in=SSillciJ1.Jii prufellionttle iJiten!nJiontde de Jrroliliactiviliili didnclice., de ccrceJnre,ptacticil ticii ii 11 publiclll pfina in prezent 4 ciiJiivi p.esfe 3Udeurficofc, din cnre majoritatea in revjste de presligiu diu strninillale. Volume rt1evnnte: David, D.(1000). Pf"efucrarilillcolllieule cfeirrjoriuafle.Cclflftnlli- l''iilrologicci inmas:r-mec/i.o,practica cliJlica flju,-iJicii.Edillrm Oncin: Clnj-Nappc!L. David !}ico lab. (1998-200U). J::silrotempitcrJglfifll ....comportamentalii. Editulll Risopriot: CluJ-NdJlOJ:II. Aboul tbenulhor. Onuiel J)nvid)?h.JJ., nnd Assislnnl Professor al-Bnbcs-BblyoiiJ Univemity, 0eporlr11ent"uU1syclru1o-gy, Cluj-Napoca. He ublllined his licenllc lnJJ&ycho1ogy {in J!J9G) nl ''Bnbes-Bolyoi" \]uiversity,lhePlt.Q. {in 1999)lheantnc Univer-sity. Ha cmnpleled a postdoc1omlprogrum (l999-2U02) in clinit:al p.:ycliul-ogy and psychopnlhology.ntlvf,ouut Sinni Scbool of{IAeditlinc, t-Jcw York. .USA, and a !mining progrom {l998-2002fbi l;ognlti'l'eand bcbnvioml tbcr-llpies at lbeAlbertEilis lnstilute RtJd A,clldemyUSA. He is Pre:lidenl of the Ron1nnianABsociotlon vf ll}lpnosis and-Cognitive .Behavioral PsychothemlJY, Direclur of. Ill&! nnd Ralionoi-Emotive oud Debavioml PsycboUtcrapy and:6tlitnrnilui Journal ofCognilivc B.ntl-BeiiiJ,'Y;iorfllThe uulbor i1:1member in iutemnlioualin lbe nreu pfiuf.erest: nud is invohed in lenchiitg, research nctivitie!!. He hasnlrendypublished 4nml over 3.0urticles, most of thesein f!restigious inlemati,on!lljoumals .. Rell'.vnnl hooks: David,D.(2000). Prelflcriiri incollflielllc deiTtfontra(ie: Crmtqm- psi/Jologicii .f11mass-media, jllridlcf'i(UIICfltl-lnfornrafiou proces.rlirg). Etlihtm Dacin: Clu}-Nu}JfJCII. David i oolob. (1998;.2000}. cogllitil'-comporlamenlalti(Cogni[ille-be,lmvioml p1ycli1Jtf1eropya11dltipuot!ler- Edilum RiSOJlfinl: Clt.Y-Nnpocn. I l \ ., ctiu -, .5 uvancQr ---: .. .. :-n--- .. l. Pref.'\Cc......... ................... ,...................................................................... 27 Povestu1 V - 1"- l RI'Ik'2.9 .ea tvtare UIlliJIIarL 111 u.qt amumpe stl tsm . 7........,.-.......,. Comenlllrii despretiin{ii . :." ......., .......:.......................... ,... ... : ................ Jj Pna:tea I.en llinjlL_....... ....... ..;..... _. si cirol11n fir ' 1 tpl_u... e..c .............. , .........: ................. 51 l. r. Defiui(in Psibopntolo(:.ici ctt liintll ............................................. 51 1.2. ......... v--: .....:... ,............... ,.......:.. ;....... 52 1.3. 'c'--------:------':.'"5ll 1.4, Orienliri in psjlmpatolo_gie. ('\,$!!tn1ii introduc.ere ....59 Cqpiloluf 2. amuis,!ndiude ltlgenu tit: mare ul fonnelunll! tflllllllli:ll\ Inl - ., M'I....nn Sllll Lttlllrtnl\imuumm m ................................................... 3.1.22. Bre,e in lilntificii atnltiiillenlclor.lO Ecce Mesmer .............. _........................ !.................... , .......... i 3.1.2.3. Lobby ;i'impolrivn .. Cl - -d..116 117.11 shmtte s1ne , ...................................................: ........ . 3.1J. Probleme ale Psibopatologiei cnl}'IOdalitil\ile 1 de: acero:c[Jlre ............... : ..................................................... l .. l 3 .1.3 .1. Caztil:nlttlir.aliei llntideprMivc $Jill ....;ti"t .l i? Victotiamel.............................--3.1 J.2. Cazul efe.ctului plncebo smr. Cum sl i1cizi ell mliinilc -enrate .............................................125 l.l.J.3.:Cn:nil psiholiJillpiilor:in psii\QIIOID&tioll. Victorip dorintei asupra dntelar Re-zcrvare penlnt locul doi;... , ........ - ............... , ..................... 14l cliilc ea;; P.. 1lcn.rcin a..a fenomenului studial Din 5.-eelml\lmulpoameqidc inQeUi.tonreIii anume dea;a:au;adtlU cale pernl.aJ!eptp1.0dalillit{d.. .. . . 0 cautfind. alor. tgnoriind "'"P de \tbde. cauta-exemple pentm ln oscofumiznro a-1-enlid\'ire..re rsttlectte a enre ne pc Aceastao..lnteza generalii f}tiintidefensivi oameni de mecanls&tmldeli t...'.ecnrern edeperforman{li .. ens vprototJp C!laca vrei sli... d... .. pcrfonnanl!esre ci\ritt. . ;. ..scnpte cntedila de rigiditare'':. o clisc:utfe.. ?llmmdu-le "stereotipuri este !nterpretatiideas;l ?rod use en pemonal. ceen ce reflec .. ca snn cu.prodnsul acesi:\Jin. Acesli... E.u .. produse nutudine din perspectivR. .. uce le-apmdus. 0 .includem sqgestiile Crit!c ne pennire sit dintr oa a e.ed_altJ snll puncte noi rezultat produsul asrJel. .. Cmdo .. .,a _Prln.. en'it. tratfi.d... . ... nctllala a pszhopatologiei n-ocnpe.1mpncit paihopntolog.. P... . ... . . encatesa prezil}[lila la... . sunptamelepacientului''; (t}Su. .. . and. lulbudil'ilor psihh::e corecre ...de dJ1lgnostic al lltlburarilorpsilliceefic,..... ,.. en e.asociatacesteLintrebihi, sunt. 16 -................... -psihoputologii mai fedci\intlll sanato!ii di1\ tnlllCl depsihic 'in compum\ie.en -restul populaV.ei?; (3) Shot dio psihopatolegie riguraase?( 4} Snnt pro gramele de. for

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