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Buku Panduan Auto Cad

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KATA PENGANTARSebagai prakata, pertama kali yang sangat ingin penulis sampaikan adalah ucapan terima kasih kepada beberapa pihak yang secara langsung maupun tidak langsung telah membantu proses penulisan buku.Trik Cepat Menguasai Instruksi Populer AutoCAD ini. Juga penulis.sampaikan terima kasih kepada pihak-pihak yang telah membantu proses.penulisan buku-buku sebelumnya.Akhirnya, penulis juga tidak lupa mengucapkan terima kasih kepada kedua orang tua, yang tentunya selalu berdoa demi kesuksesan putra- putrinya.Harapan penulis, semoga buku ini bermanfaat, baik di dunia pendidikan maupun di dunia industri, dan dijadikan referensi sekaligus acuan bagi para pemakai AutoCAD..Sesuai dengan pepatah tiada gading yang tak retak, maka saran yang bersifat konstruktif sangat penulis harapkan demi perbaikan kualitas buku ini.

Jakarta, Januari 2007 Ir. Sofi Ansori Penulis

Daftar IsiKata Pengantar ...................................................................v Daftar Isi ........................................................................... vii Pendahuluan....................................................................... xi BAB 1 PENGOPERASIAN AUTOCAD.......................... 1 Menjalankan AutoCAD...............................................................1 Tampilan AutoCAD.....................................................................2 Cara Memberikan Instruksi..........................................................7 Fasilitas Baru................................................................................9 Perubahan Tool...........................................................................11 BAB 2 SISTEM KERJA AUTOCAD...................................... 13 Sistem Koordinat.........................................................................13 Penangkap Sasaran.....................................................................18 Pengamatan Gambar...................................................................27 Pemilihan Objek Gambar.............................................................31 Instruksi dan Sub-instruksi

Khusus...................................................34 Pendokumentasian.......................................................................37 BAB 3 SETTING AUTOCAD................................................ 43 Standar Unit...............................................................................43 Media Gambar...........................................................................44 Perlengkapan Alat Menggambar...................................................52 Properti Objek Gambar...............................................................54 viii BAB 4 TEKNIK MENGGAMBAR I......................................... 59 Membuat Objek Dasar.................................................................59 Persegi Panjang......................................................................60 Persegi Panjang dengan Sudut Tumpul......................................61 Persegi Panjang dengan Sudut Terpangkas................................63 Persegi Banyak.......................................................................65 Lingkaran...............................................................................67 Busur......................................................................................... ........................................................................................69 Lingkaran Lonjong...................................................................71 Busur Lonjong.........................................................................72 Memodifikasi Objek Dasar...........................................................73 Memisah Segmen...................................................................73 Menyambung Segmen.............................................................74 Memutus Objek Garis.............................................................76 Memangkas Objek Garis........................................................78 Memperpanjang Objek Garis..................................................79 Menghapus Objek Gambar.....................................................80 Mengembalikan Objek Gambar yang Terhapus.........................80 Memindahkan Objek Gambar.................................................81 Menduplikasikan Objek Gambar..............................................81 Memutar Objek Gambar.........................................................82 Mencerminkan Objek Gambar.................................................83 Mencerminkan Text.................................................................84 Menduplikasikan Secara Rectangular........................................85 Menduplikasikan Secara Polar.................................................87 Merangkap Objek Gambar.....................................................89 Membesar-kecilkan Objek Gambar...........................................90 Menyeret Ujung Segmen Objek Gambar...................................91 Memangkas Sudut..................................................................93

Menumpulkan Sudut................................................................95 Mengatur Penampakan dan Koordinat......................................97 Membuat Objek Gambar 3D Solid..............................................104 Penebalan Objek Dasar Secara Lurus.....................................105 Penebalan Objek Dasar Berdasarkan Alur...............................106 Penebalan Objek Dasar Secara Putar.....................................107 Kotak Solid..........................................................................108 Bola Solid............................................................................109 Silinder Solid Beralas Bundar.................................................109 Silinder Solid Beralas Lonjong................................................110 Kerucut Solid Beralas Bundar.................................................112 Kerucut Solid Beralas Lonjong................................................113 Baji Solid.............................................................................114 Cincin Solid.........................................................................115 BAB 5 TEKNIK MENGGAMBAR II...................................... 117 Memodifikasi Objek Gambar 3D Solid........................................117 Menggabung Objek 3D Solid................................................117 Mengurangi Objek 3D Solid..................................................118 Membentuk Perpotongan Objek 3D Solid................................119 Memangkas Sisi Objek 3D Solid............................................120 Menumpulkan Sisi Objek 3D Solid.........................................122 Membuat Cangkang Objek 3D Solid......................................123 Memotong Objek 3D Solid....................................................124 Membuat Objek Gambar 3D Surface..........................................125 Kotak Surface.......................................................................126 Baji Surface.........................................................................127 Piramida Surface..................................................................128 Kerucut Surface....................................................................129 Bola Surface.........................................................................130 Kubah Surface......................................................................131 Mangkok Surface.................................................................132 Cincin Surface......................................................................132 Lembaran Permukaan Rata.....................................................133 Lembaran Lengkung..............................................................135 Lembaran dengan Alur Sama Sisi...........................................136 Lembaran dengan Alur Beda Sisi............................................137 Lembaran Permukaan Bergelombang......................................137 Memodifikasi Objek Gambar 3D Surface....................................138

Memindahkan Beberapa Vertex Sekaligus...............................139 Memindahkan Vertex Satu Per Satu........................................140 Membuka dan Menutup Rangkaian Surface.............................142 Modifikasi dengan Operasi 3D...................................................143 Menduplikasi Secara Rectangular 3D......................................143 Menduplikasi Secara Polar 3D...............................................144 Mencerminkan atau Membalik 3D..........................................146 Memutar 3D.........................................................................147 Alokasi 3D...........................................................................149 Melengkapi Gambar.................................................................151 Membuat Dimensi.................................................................151 Mengedit Dimensi.................................................................161 Membuat Teks......................................................................163 Mengedit Teks......................................................................168 Membuat Isian Permukaan Bidang..........................................168 Memodifikasi Isian................................................................169 BAB 6 LATIHAN MENGGAMBAR 2D................................. 171 Persiapan Membuat Gambar......................................................173 Latihan Pertama.........................................................................175 Latihan Kedua...........................................................................189 Latihan Ketiga...........................................................................204 Latihan Keempat............................................

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